Knowledge, attitude and uptake of tuberculosis screening services among gold miners in the Datuko sub-district in the Talensi District Ghana

  • Robert Ayine Amanobila School of Nursing and Midwifery, University for Development Studies
  • Adadow Yidana School of Public Health, University for Development Studies
  • Gifty Apiung Aninanya School of Public Health, University for Development Studies
Keywords: uberculosis screening, knowledge, attitude and uptake, gold miners

Abstract

Background: In Ghana, uptake of tuberculosis (TB) screening services among miners is sub-optimal. The study assessed the knowledge, attitude and uptake of TB screening services among gold miners in the Datuko sub-district in Talensi district Ghana.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study design using a mixed-method approach among 384 adult mine workers. A questionnaire and key informant interview guides were the instruments for data collection and both descriptive and inferential analysis was done using SPSS version 22.00.
Results: About 94.5% of the respondents have heard of TB and the overall knowledge of the cause of TB was poor, as 66.1% of the participants said TB was caused by smoking. The majority of the participants (66.4%) had poor attitudes towards TB screening and a few of them (15.4%) had screened for TB. The composite score for knowledge and attitudes of the respondents towards TB screening was 1.61 and 1.41 respectively. There was an association between having heard of TB and recognizing the importance of TB screening service with a p-value of 0.001. There was also a connection between having heard of TB and uptake of screening service (p=0.001). The only factor that determined uptake of TB screening was the educational level of the respondents. The qualitative study among health staff revealed that awareness of TB was high among miners but they perceived those attitudes and use of the TB screening services were sub-optimal.
Conclusion: Both knowledge and attitudes of TB screening services among miners were poor which resulted in a sub-optimal uptake of TB screening services. Also, the educational level of the respondents predicted uptake of TB screening service. It is therefore important for policy makers to strengthen TB control activities through health promotional programmes.

Annals of Medical Laboratory Science (2022) 2(2), 31 - 44

References

Adams L.V., Basu D., Grande S.W., Craig S.R., Patridge M.T., Panth N., Trump Redd V., Phalaste M., Singo A., Osewe P. and Mulley A.G. (2017) Barriers to tuberculosis care delivery among miners and their families in South Africa: an ethnographic study. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 21(5), 571-578.

Ahorlu C.K. and Bonsu F. (2013) Factors affecting TB case detection and treatment in the Sissala East District, Ghana. Journal of Tuberculosis Research 01(03), 29-36.

Amenuvegbe G.K., Francis A. and Fred B. (2016) Low tuberculosis case detection: a community and health facility-based study of contributory factors in the Nkwanta South district of Ghana. BMC research notes 9(1), 1-7.

Anna Berg J., Synne Osaland H., Dipesh T. and Ingunn H. (2020) A questionnaire of knowledge, attitude and practices on tuberculosis among medical interns in Nepal. elsevier.

Annan A., Singh A., Dogbe J., Asante D. and Owusu-Dabo E. (2013) Health-seeking behaviour of tuberculosis patients and related factors in the central region of Ghana. Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana) 33(3), 27-38.

Dorji T., Tshering T. and Wangdi K. (2020) Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice on tuberculosis among teacher trainees of Samtse College of Education, Bhutan. PloS one 15(11), e0241923.

Gupta N., Bhatnagar T., Rade K., Murhekar M., Gangakhedkar R.R., Nagar A. and Team I.C. (2020) Strategic planning to augment the testing capacity for COVID-19 in India. The Indian Journal of Medical Research 151(2-3), 210.

Khadraa M.M., Nawal A.F. and B. S.A. (2014) Assessment of Knowledge and Self-Reported Practices of Iron Mines’ Workers about Pneumoconiosis in Baharia Oasis, Giza Governorate, Med. J. Cairo Univ., Vol. 82, No. 2, June: 23-29, 2014 www.medicaljournalofcairouniversity.net.

Menezes R.G., Dorji T., Tshering T. and Wangdi K. (2020) Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice on tuberculosis among teacher trainees of Samtse College of Education, Bhutan. Plos One 15(11), e0241923.

MOH (2014) The national Tuberculosis Health Sector Strategic Plan for Ghana 2015–2020.

Mtaita G.R. (2019) Knowledge, awareness and practices regarding tuberculosis among gold
miners in Tanzania, University of South Africa.

Mutala M. (2018) Factors Influencing Tuberculosis Treatment Outcome in Sawla Tuna Kalba District, University of Ghana.

Ontoyin J. and Agyemang I. (2014) Environmental and rural livelihoods implications of small-scale gold mining in Talensi-Nabdam Districts in Northern Ghana. Journal of Geography and Regional Planning Vol.7(8), pp. 150-159.

Quinn F., Ohene S.-A., Bonsu F., Adusi-Poku Y., Dzata F. and Bakker M. (2021) Case finding of tuberculosis among mining communities in Ghana. Plos One 16(3), e0248718.

Stuckler D., Sanjay B., Martin M. and Lurie M. (2011) Mining and Risk of Tuberculosis in Sub-Saharan Africa, American Journal of Public Health, Vol 101, No. 3. UNAIDS D. (2018) UNAIDS. 2017.

Venkatraju B. and Prasad S. (2010) Beliefs of patients about the causes of Tuberculosis in rural Andhra Pradesh. International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery 2(2), 21-27.

WHO (2011) Early detection of Tuberculosis: An Overview of Approaches, Guidelines and Tools.

Yakubu E. (2015) Factors affecting Tuberculosis treatment in the Bole District of the Northern region of Ghana.

Zaman K. (2010) Tuberculosis: A Global Health Problem, International centre for diarrhoeal disease research, bangladesh.

Zaman K., Anh D.D., Victor J.C., Shin S., Yunus M., Dallas M.J., Podder G., Thiem V.D., Luby S.P. and Coia M.L. (2010) Efficacy of pentavalent rotavirus vaccine against severe rotavirus gastroenteritis in infants in developing countries in Asia: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. The Lancet 376(9741), 615-623.
Published
2022-06-05
How to Cite
Amanobila, R. A., Yidana, A., & Aninanya, G. A. (2022). Knowledge, attitude and uptake of tuberculosis screening services among gold miners in the Datuko sub-district in the Talensi District Ghana. Annals of Medical Laboratory Science, 2(2), 31-44. https://doi.org/10.51374/annalsmls.2022.2.2.0063
Section
Articles